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A Human-Machine Shared Control Framework Considering Time-Varying Driver Characteristics

Publication Type
Journal Name
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 13

The uncertainties of driver's behavior seriously affect road safety and bring significant challenges to the human-machine cooperative control. This paper proposes a human-machine shared control framework considering driver's time-varying characteristics to improve the co-driving cooperation performance. Firstly, the driving intention is introduced to describe the driver's involvement level through using Gauss-Bernoulli restricted Boltzmann machine method. And the index of driving ability is proposed to evaluate driver skills based on path-tracking errors. Then, a novel human-machine authority allocation strategy is designed by combining the two driving behavior characteristics and used to construct the driver-vehicle interaction system. Subsequently, a T-S fuzzy robust state-feedback shared control system is developed considering time-varying driver behaviors and vehicle states. Finally, the proposed shared steering system is validated by the driver-in-the-loop test bench. The results show that the proposed control method can reduce human-machine conflicts and has obvious superiority in improving performance of driving comfort, path tracking, and vehicle stability for the co-driving vehicles.