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Heavy-Duty Vehicle Air Drag Coefficient Estimation: From an Algebraic Perspective...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2023 American Control Conference (ACC)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
3169 to 3174
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
2023 American Control Conference
Conference Location
San Diego, California, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

When a heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) operates at the nominal highway speed, over two-thirds of its total resistive force comes from the air drag, contributing to more than half of its fuel consumption. One effective countermeasure to reduce the fuel consumption of HDVs is platooning, which employs connectivity and automated driving technologies to link two or more HDVs in convoy. Platooning allows HDVs to drive closer together and yields improved fuel economy and less CO2 emission thanks to the reduced air drag. Maximizing the energy benefits of an HDV platoon requires quantifying the drag interaction between vehicles. In practice, modeling the drag reduction in a platoon boils down to identifying the relationship between the air drag coefficient C d and the inter-vehicle distance d. Existing approaches to identify C d (d) include vehicle field tests, wind tunnel experiments, and computational fluid dynamics simulation, which can howbeit be time-consuming and cost prohibitive. In contrast, this paper proposes an algebraic approach, which relies on onboard-measurable variables, to estimate the air drag coefficient of an HDV in a platoon. Its algebraic nature avoids the classical persistence of excitation condition for parameter identification and can yield the identified parameter almost instantaneously. Simulation results demonstrate its effectiveness and the improved estimation speed over a recursive least squares identifier.