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Graph neural networks predict energetic and mechanical properties for models of solid solution metal alloy phases...

by Massimiliano Lupo Pasini, Gang Seob Jung, Stephan Irle
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Computational Materials Science
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We developed a PyTorch-based architecture called HydraGNN that implements graph convolutional neural networks (GCNNs) to predict the formation energy and the bulk modulus for models of solid solution alloys for various atomic crystal structures and relaxed volumes. We trained the GCNN surrogate model on a dataset for nickel–niobium (NiNb) generated by the embedded atom model (EAM) empirical interatomic potential for demonstration purposes. The dataset was generated by calculating the formation energy and the bulk modulus as a prototypical elastic property for optimized geometries starting from initial body-centered cubic (BCC), face-centered cubic (FCC), and hexagonal compact packed (HCP) crystal structures, with configurations spanning the possible compositional range for each of the three types of initial crystal structures. Numerical results show that the GCNN model effectively predicts both the formation energy and the bulk modulus as function of the optimized crystal structure, relaxed volume, and configurational entropy of the model structures for solid solution alloys.