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Publication

Geospatiotemporal Data Mining In an Early Warning System for Forest Threats In the United States

by Forrest M Hoffman, Richard T Mills, Jitendra Kumar, Srinivasa S Vulli, William Hargrove
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2010)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
170 to 173
Conference Name
2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2010)
Conference Location
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
IEEE
Conference Date
-

We investigate the potential of geospatiotemporal data mining of multi-year land surface phenology data (250~m Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) in this study) for the conterminous United States as part of an early warning system to identify threats to forest ecosystems. Cluster analysis of this massive data set, using high-performance computing, provides a basis for several possible approaches to defining the bounds of ``normal'' phenological patterns, indicating healthy vegetation in a given geographic location.
We demonstrate the applicability of such an approach, using it to identify areas in Colorado, USA, where an ongoing mountain pine beetle outbreak has caused significant tree mortality.