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Fast and Accurate Predictions of Total Energy for Solid Solution Alloys with Graph Convolutional Neural Networks...

by Massimiliano Lupo Pasini, Marco Burcul, Samuel T Reeve, Markus Eisenbach, Simona Perotto
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
Driving Scientific and Engineering Discoveries Through the Integration of Experiment, Big Data, and Modeling and Simulation
Publication Date
Page Numbers
79 to 98
Publisher Location
Cham, Switzerland

We use graph convolutional neural networks (GCNNs) to produce fast and accurate predictions of the total energy of solid solution binary alloys. GCNNs allow us to abstract the lattice structure of a solid material as a graph, whereby atoms are modeled as nodes and metallic bonds as edges. This representation naturally incorporates information about the structure of the material, thereby eliminating the need for computationally expensive data pre-processing which would be required with standard neural network (NN) approaches. We train GCNNs on ab-initio density functional theory (DFT) for copper-gold (CuAu) and iron-platinum (FePt) data that has been generated by running the LSMS-3 code, which implements a locally self-consistent multiple scattering method, on OLCF supercomputers Titan and Summit. GCNN outperforms the ab-initio DFT simulation by orders of magnitude in terms of computational time to produce the estimate of the total energy for a given atomic configuration of the lattice structure. We compare the predictive performance of GCNN models against a standard NN such as dense feedforward multi-layer perceptron (MLP) by using the root-mean-squared errors to quantify the predictive quality of the deep learning (DL) models. We find that the attainable accuracy of GCNNs is at least an order of magnitude better than that of the MLP.