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Electrochemical Healing of Dendrites in Garnet-Based Solid Electrolytes...

by Anand Vasudevbhai Parejiya, Md Ruhul Amin, Rachid Essehli, David L Wood Iii, Ilias Belharouak
Publication Type
Journal Name
ACS Energy Letters
Publication Date
Page Numbers
3368 to 3373

Garnet oxides are a promising material family for solid-state batteries (SSBs). Dendrite formation in solid electrolytes critically limits the applicability of SSBs because of limiting Coulombic efficiency and power capability. Herein, the authors report operando electrochemical healing of dendrites in a garnet-based solid electrolyte (SE). Dendrites were deliberately formed at high operational current density (2 mA cm–2) beyond the critical current density (0.55 mA cm–2) of the used garnet SE. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to confirm dendrite growth in the SE. Dendrites were subsequently healed electrochemically via plating and stripping at 20 and 1 μA cm–2 current densities. Removal of dendrites was shown by an increase in bulk and interfacial resistance and a progressive increase in polarization during galvanostatic plating and stripping. High local current density at the dendrite tips was identified as the mechanism for preferentially removing dendrites electrochemically. The dendrite detection and healing methods discussed here are crucial for extending the life of SSBs.