Skip to main content

Effects of edge-seal design on the mechanical and thermal performance of vacuum-insulated glazing...

Publication Type
Journal Name
Building and Environment
Publication Date
Page Number

Although vacuum-insulated glazing (VIG) has been proposed as a promising solution towards developing energy-efficient buildings, VIGs have not become popular in the market due to several technical challenges including the complexity of the fabrication process. In particular, the edge-seal is a key component that significantly affects the thermal insulation and mechanical performance, and the development of edge-seal with adequate thermal insulation, mechanical strength, and reasonable processing cost is essential to overcome such technical issues in VIG. For this purpose, effects of edge-seal design parameters on the VIG performance should be identified. In this research, we analyzed the edge-seal for thermal transport as well as structural stresses to study the effects, and then identified and evaluated the material mixes for the edge-seal requirements. The finite element simulations showed the significance of VIG corner calculation on overall thermal transmittance and the importance of seal conductivity below 1 W/m.K. The experiments with the flexible seals with different ratios of fine glass powder demonstrated that the measured shear strength values for the seal with less than 30% glass powder were more than 10 times larger than the calculated shear stress values. Based on these simulation and experimental results, a flexible sealant was developed using a proprietary mix of ceramic materials that meets the requirements of the designed VIG edge-seal, including structural as well as thermal stress resistance and a low conductivity. Moreover, the sealant is self-curing under atmospheric conditions, and thus it does not require costly inline process of laser curing or oven baking.