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Driver Distraction Behavior Detection using a Vision Transformer Model based on Transfer Learning Strategy

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2022 6th CAA International Conference on Vehicular Control and Intelligence (CVCI)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 6
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
2022 6th CAA International Conference on Vehicular Control and Intelligence (CVCI)
Conference Location
Nanjing, China
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Driver distraction behavior is one of the critical factors in traffic accidents. Thus, advanced driver state detection system has become the focus in the field of intelligent vehicle. However, in practical applications, insufficient samples of driving distraction behaviors bring great challenges to training a personalized behavior distraction detection model for a specific driver. To this end, a novel transformer model based on a transfer learning strategy is proposed in this paper to accurately recognize driver distraction behavior. Inspired by the effect of the transformer network in visual recognition, we firstly present a transformer behavior distraction detection system to identify the behavior categories that cause driver distraction. Then, for the specific driving dataset in practical application scenarios, the transfer learning strategy is introduced into the driver distraction detection model to further train the general transformer network. The effectiveness of the transformer based on the transfer learning strategy is validated compared with other traditional deep learning methods. The results show that the proposed detection method has better generalization ability and higher accuracy.