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Direct metal contacts printing on 4H-SiC for alpha detectors and inhomogeneous Schottky barriers...

by Neil R Taylor, Yongchao Yu, Mihee Ji, Pooran C Joshi, Lei Cao
Publication Type
Journal Name
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Publication Date
Page Numbers
164961 to 164961

Electrical characterization of several 4H-SiC Schottky diodes with Aerosol-Jet printed gold (Au), silver (Ag), and platinum (Pt) contacts was performed using forward and reverse current–voltage (IV) measurements. From these measurements, device parameters such as Schottky barrier height and ideality factor were determined; however, many of the devices exhibited nonideal behavior and inferior performance characterized by ideality factors significantly greater than one, disproportionate low voltage leakage current and low barrier heights. Forward current–voltage (FIV) characteristics were fitted to an inhomogeneous barrier height theory to explain the abnormal behavior exhibited by the printed devices. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of the device cross-sections was performed to investigate the printed metal and semiconductor epitaxial layer interface, which revealed the imperfections in the metal–semiconductor contact. Despite these irregularities, alpha radiation detection capability of these devices was still achieved with an energy resolution of 1.89% at 5.486 MeV, and the best achievable resolution at 0.51% with no energy degradation of 5.486 MeV.