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Design Space Data: Informing Common Design Decisions with Pre-Simulated Data...

by Brett C Bass, Joshua R New
Publication Type
ORNL Report
Publication Date

Design Space Exploration (DSE) analysis techniques represent a data-centric approach to integrating performance analysis in early design phases when there is the greatest potential to cheaply improve the energy efficiency of a building. We focus on a novel extension of DSE called Universal Design Space Exploration (UDSE), which leverages massive databases of pre-simulated analysis that represent all possible outcomes of common analysis workflows. These databases, called Design Spaces, become “universal” when a single pre-simulated design space can be re-applied to future unknown projects. Unlike current simulation methods, which require a design to exist before it can be analyzed and often take minutes or hours to simulate, UDSE leverages pre-simulation to deliver rapid and relevant insight as new designs are conceptualized. The data underpinning UDSE enables advanced statistical and Artificial Intelligence methods, allowing UDSE to deliver a greater understanding of the larger problem being explored, rather than simply delivering analysis of several pre-conceived design options. We believe that UDSE can provide instantaneous, relevant analysis for all building design projects at negligible cost. This paper has two main goals, to develop a relevant Universal Design Space that showcases the potential of UDSE and to release this data freely to industry and academia; thereby lowering the barrier to entry to digital literacy in statistics, ML and AI within the architecture, engineering, construction (AEC) industry.