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Consumer-Oriented Energy Use and Range Metrics for Battery Electric Vehicles

by Charles S Sluder, Stacy C Davis, Robert G Boundy
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SAE Technical Paper Series
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The present study was motivated by a need to expand information for consumers offered through the FuelEconomy.Gov website. To that end, a power-based modeling approach has been used to examine the effect of steady-speed driving on estimated range for model year 2020 – 2023 battery electric vehicles (BEVs). This approach allowed rapid study of a broader range of BEV models than could be accomplished through vehicle tests. Publicly accessible certification test results and other data were used to perform a regression between cycle-average tractive power requirements and the resulting electrical power. This regression enabled estimation of electric power and energy use over a range of steady highway speeds. These analyses in turn allowed projection of vehicle range at differing speeds. The projections agree within 6% with available 65 MPH manufacturer test data. Analyses of vehicles from model years 2020 – 2023 show that the 5-cycle range and energy use values from the window stickers of new vehicles are reasonable values for steady-speed driving at 65 MPH. Range decreases by a median value of approximately 15% for each 10 MPH increase in speed. The 5-cycle energy use (in kW-Hr / 100 miles) and energy economy (in miles / kW-Hr) derived from the 5-cycle energy use are reasonable estimates for 65 MPH steady speed driving. Energy economy decreases by about 0.5 miles / kW-Hr for every 10 MPH increase in speed.