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Characterization of Indole-3-acetic Acid Biosynthesis and the Effects of This Phytohormone on the Proteome of the Plant-Assoc...

Publication Type
Journal Name
Journal of Proteome Research
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1361 to 1374

Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) plays a central role in plant growth and development, and many plant-associated microbes produce IAA using tryptophan as the precursor. Using genomic analyses, we predicted that Pantoea sp. YR343, a microbe isolated from Populus deltoides, synthesizes IAA using the indole-3-pyruvate (IPA) pathway. To better understand IAA biosynthesis and the effects of IAA exposure on cell physiology, we characterized proteomes of Pantoea sp. YR343 grown in the presence of tryptophan or IAA. Exposure to IAA resulted in upregulation of proteins predicted to function in carbohydrate and amino acid transport and exopolysaccharide (EPS) biosynthesis. Metabolite profiles of wild-type cells showed the production of IPA, IAA, and tryptophol, consistent with an active IPA pathway. Finally, we constructed an ΔipdC mutant that showed the elimination of tryptophol, consistent with a loss of IpdC activity, but was still able to produce IAA (20% of wild-type levels). Although we failed to detect intermediates from other known IAA biosynthetic pathways, this result suggests the possibility of an alternate pathway or the production of IAA by a nonenzymatic route in Pantoea sp. YR343. The ΔipdC mutant was able to efficiently colonize poplar, suggesting that an active IPA pathway is not required for plant association.