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Biocatalytic Yarn for Peroxide Decomposition with Controlled Liquid Transport...

by Yue Yuan, Yuxuan Zhang, Hassina Bilheux, Sanja Salmon
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Advanced Materials Interfaces
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A robust biocatalytic yarn with controllable liquid transport properties is created by coating thin layers of chitosan containing catalase onto a cellulosic yarn. The resulting material integrates enzyme catalytic functionality with protective coating properties of chitosan and structural functionality of the textile. Mild immobilization conditions and good affinity between the two polysaccharides minimize enzyme inactivation during the preparation steps and prevent enzyme from leaching during peroxide decomposition testing and washing, providing a novel and versatile enzyme immobilization strategy. The catalytic efficiency of enzymes in a reaction containing solid, liquid, and gas phases is facilitated when dissolved enzyme substrate is transported by liquid flowing through the coated textile structure. The flow‐through configuration decomposes at least two times more peroxide in a twenty‐times smaller reaction zone volume compared to a stirred tank configuration. Liquid transport through the yarn and liquid spatial distribution within the yarn are investigated by in situ neutron radiography and neutron computed tomography, revealing a constrained wicking mechanism that benefits biocatalytic yarn performance. This new class of sustainable and flexible biocatalytic textile matrices has beneficial multifunctional properties, not previously described, that are applicable for numerous small‐ and large‐scale applications including controlled flow reactors and reactive filtration.