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13C surface characterization of midplane and crown collector probes on DIII-D

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Nuclear Materials and Energy
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A dual collector probe system has been implemented on DIII-D for scrape-off-layer (SOL) impurity transport studies. These experiments injected isotopically enriched methane (13CD4) and sampled the impurities from this extrinsic, primary source with graphite collector probes at the outboard midplane and crown of upper single null L-mode plasmas. Using a stable isotopic mixing model, results suggest that 13C from methane injections prior to these experiments has built up on the walls of DIII-D to act as a secondary, intrinsic source of enriched 13C to the collector probes. This secondary source accounts for nearly 60 % of the deposits on the midplane collector probes and nearly 90 % of the deposition on the collector probes in the crown. These results lay the foundation for future impurity transport models and suggest that further simulation of impurity transport during the methane injection experiments will require two sources of enriched impurities in order to accurately model the SOL impurity profiles of 13C.