The ITER Central Solenoid is under fabrication by the U.S. ITER organization and its subcontractors. U.S. ITER will supply seven modules to ITER IO, six of which will be assembled in a stack that forms the ITER Central Solenoid. The first modules that were built by GA at their facility, went into high voltage testing, including Paschen testing in the vacuum, and then they were tested at 4.5 K and up to 40 kA to demonstrate compliance of the coil with the ITER requirements. In this article, we present the Test Plan and results of the central solenoid (CS) module’s performance, especially at the full current. We measured critical temperatures in several pancakes, we measured ac losses, joint resistance, and hydraulic characteristics of the coils. We also measured displacements of the coil height and hoop strain of the CS module (CSM) to verify the structural mechanical characteristics of the coil along with the cooldown shrinkage of the coil. We studied the performance of the cowound quench detectors and confirmed their effectiveness in the suppression of inductive noise. This information is necessary for verification of the stack behavior of CS in ITER operation. The test results and preliminary analyses are presented, compared to expectations, and discussed.