The influence of lithium chloride (LiCl) on the hydration structure of anionic micelles of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in water was studied using the contrast-variation small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) technique. In the past, extensive computational studies have shown that the distribution of invasive water plays a critical role in the self-organization of SDS molecules and the stability of the assemblies. However, in past scattering studies the degree of the hydration level was not examined explicitly. Here, a series of contrast-variation SANS data was analyzed to extract the intramicellar radial distributions of invasive water and SDS molecules from the evolving spectral lineshapes caused by the varying isotopic ratios of water. By addressing the intramicellar inhomogeneous distributions of water and SDS molecules, a detailed description of how the counterion association influences the micellization behavior of SDS molecules is provided. The extension of our method can be used to provide an in-depth insight into the micellization phenomenon, which is commonly found in many soft matter systems.