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Radioisotope power source dose estimation tool (RPS-DET)...

by Michael B Smith
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2018 IEEE Aerospace Conference
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 4
Conference Name
IEEE Aerospace Conference
Conference Location
Big Sky, Montana, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

The purpose of this work is to develop a radioisotope power source dose estimation tool (RPS-DET) capable of rapidly predicting accurate neutron and gamma-ray flux/dose implications from various radioisotope power sources (RPSs). RPS-DET can use this information to calculate the flux/dose incident on or absorbed by nearby humans, materials, and electronics over a complex mission lifetime. This simulation tool uses a Matlab user interface to combine common geometry scenarios for traditional and new RPS design configurations to write a particle-transport simulation using Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) 6, which provides results that are automatically post-processed for interactive analysis. The user defines the average age of the PuO2fuel, which determines the appropriate time-dependent gamma-ray and neutron spectra, along with the desired RPS and local environment for the simulation. Results for a given simulation are gamma-ray, neutron, and combined flux spectra, whole-body effective dose for humans, and absorbed dose in silicon for electronics. This work has been benchmarked against measurements of existing RPS units and has been determined to predict neutron and gamma flux, absorbed dose, and dose equivalent within 50% of simulation uncertainties.