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Publication

Process intensification of CO2 capture by low-aqueous solvent...

by Gyoung Gug Jang, Joshua A Thompson, Xin Sun, Constantinos Tsouris
Publication Type
Journal
Journal Name
Chemical Engineering Journal
Publication Date
Page Number
131240
Volume
426

Low-energy solvent-based CO2 absorption processes have drawn attention as a next-generation post-combustion CO2 capture technology to reduce CO2 emissions from fossil fuel– or biomass-fired power generation and industrial flue gas streams. A low-aqueous (or water-lean) solvent process may substantially reduce the thermal energy consumption for solvent regeneration. Low-aqueous solvent–based processes are thermally sensitive, requiring a delicate temperature control within the absorber because of the fast exothermic amine-CO2 reaction and low heat capacity organic diluent. This reaction may result in heat accumulation in a packed absorption column and undesirable CO2 desorption occurring as the solvent moves through the column, reducing the solvent’s CO2 capture efficiency if its temperature is not controlled. Using a 3D printed intensified packing device, enhanced heat and mass transfer were demonstrated in an amine-CO2 scrubbing process using low-aqueous solvent. The multifunctional intensified device facilitates contact of the reactive solvent and gas phases in a single stage and heat removal by a cooling fluid flowing through channels in the interior of the corrugated plates of the device. These functionalities led to effective thermal management along the column via intrastage cooling and significant improvement in CO2 uptake under a wide range of operating conditions. Intrastage cooling effectively reduced the solvent average temperature along the column by ~10 °C and, as a result, the solvent’s capture efficiency improved by up to 25%.