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Mechanical systems and kinematics

Publication Type
Book Chapter
Publication Date
Page Numbers
13 to 38
Publisher Name
Publisher Location
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Kinematics is the study of how motion is achieved without reference to the forces that create the motion. This includes the basic structures of all robotic systems, such as links and joints, as well as their mathematical representations. This chapter will provide a brief overview of the types of motion used in additive manufacturing (AM) systems, as well as the mathematical equations that govern them. Rotations are explained using both Euler rotations and quaternions. Combined rotation and translations are shown using homogeneous transform matrices. The robot Jacobian, which relates joint velocities to the end effector translational velocities, is explained with an example calculation. This section will give the reader the basic mathematical foundation in kinematics that is necessary to understand the mechanical underpinnings of path planning for AM systems.