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MatPhase: Material phase prediction for Li-ion Battery Reconstruction using Hierarchical Curriculum Learning

by Anika Tabassum, Nikhil Muralidhar, Ramakrishnan Kannan, Srikanth Allu
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1936 to 1941
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
IEEE International Conference on Big Data
Conference Location
Osaka, Japan
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Li-ion Batteries (LIB), one of the most efficient energy storage devices, are used extensively in many industrial applications. These batteries consist of electrodes that are put together with heterogeneous material compositions. Imaging data of these battery electrodes obtained from X-ray tomography can explain the distribution of material constituents and allow reconstructions to study electron transport pathways. Such reconstructions of material constituents help quantify various associated properties of electrodes (e.g., volume-specific surface area, porosity) which determine the performance of batteries. These images often suffer from low image contrast between multiple material constituents, hence making it difficult for humans to distinguish and characterize these constituents through visual inspection. A minor error in detecting distributions of the material constituents can lead to magnified errors in the calculated parameters of material properties (e.g., porosity). We present MatPhase, a novel hierarchical curriculum learning technique to address the complex task of estimating material constituent distribution in battery electrodes. MatPhase comprises three modules: (i) an uncertainty-aware global model trained to yield inferences conditioned upon global knowledge of material distribution, (ii) a local model to capture relatively more fine-grained (local) distributional signals, (iii) an aggregator model to appropriately fuse the local and global effects towards obtaining the final distribution. On average, MatPhase improves prediction up to 8.5% relative to other sophisticated modeling pipelines and state-of-the-arts (SOTA) object detection models employed in the performance comparison.