Skip to main content

Localized defect detection from spatially mapped, in-situ process data with machine learning...

by William H Halsey, Derek C Rose, Luke R Scime, Ryan R Dehoff, Vincent C Paquit
Publication Type
Journal Name
Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date
Page Number

In powder bed fusion additive manufacturing, machines are often equipped with in-situ sensors to monitor the build environment as well as machine actuators and subsystems. The data from these sensors offer rich information about the consistency of the fabrication process within a build and across builds. This information may be used for process monitoring and defect detection; however, little has been done to leverage this data from the machines for more than just coarse-grained process monitoring. In this work we demonstrate how these inherently temporal data may be mapped spatially by leveraging scan path information. We then train a XGBoost machine learning model to predict localized defects—specifically soot–using only the mapped process data of builds from a laser powder bed fusion process as input features. The XGBoost model offers a feature importance metric that will help to elucidate possible relationships between the process data and observed defects. Finally, we analyze the model performance spatially and rationalize areas of greater and lesser performance.