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Large-scale additive manufacturing tooling for extrusion-compression molds...

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Additive Manufacturing Letters
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Carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites (CFPC) have been used in additive manufacturing (AM) due to both the high-strength-to-weight and superior-stiffness-to-weight ratios. CF AM is being considered for tooling applications. In AM, CFPCs are usually aligned along the deposition direction; however, it results in anisotropic thermal properties which affect the heat transfer and warpage of the final part. In this study, three male molds with different infill patterns were produced via the material extrusion additive manufacturing (EDF-AM) process. These include (a) 0°: infill pattern along the printing direction; (b) 90°: infill pattern perpendicular to the printing direction; and (c) 0°/90°: alternate layers along and perpendicular directions. The effect of the infill pattern on thermal conductivity was analyzed and observed that 0° infill (surface temperature: 79.2°C) had the highest conductivity; and 90° infill (surface temperature: 66.4°C) had the least.