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Inter-Subunit Dynamics Controls Tunnel Formation During the Oxygenation Process in Hemocyanin Hexamers...

by Khair Bux, Syed Tarique Moin, Junqi Yin, Debsindhu Bhowmik, Shozeb Haider
Publication Type
Journal Name
Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 17

Hemocyanin from horseshoe crab in its active form is a homo-hexameric protein. It exists in open and closed conformations when transitioning between deoxygenated and oxygenated states. Here, we present a detailed dynamic atomistic investigation of the oxygenated and deoxygenated states of the hexameric hemocyanin using explicit solvent molecular dynamics simulations. We focus on the variation in solvent cavities and the formation of tunnels in the two conformational states. By employing principal component analysis and CVAE-based deep learning, we are able to differentiate between the dynamics of the deoxy- and oxygenated states of hemocyanin. Finally, our results identify the deoxygenated open conformation, which adopts a stable, closed conformation after the oxygenation process.