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Intensity Modulated Fiber Optic Sensor: A Novel Grid Measurement Unit

Publication Type
Journal Name
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 10

This paper presents a novel approach to physical displacement-based power grid measuring via an Intensity Modulated Fiber Optic Sensor (IMFOS). An IMFOS utilizes one fiber to transmit the intensity modulation light from its Electro-Optic controller to a fiber optic probe. The power grid voltage and current can induce physical displacements in transducers via the piezoelectric effect and the Lorentz law, respectively, which then result in a distance change between the optical probe and the reflective surface of the transducers. In parallel, multiple fibers are used to collect the reflective light for electro-optic conversion. A National Instruments-based characterization platform is set up for performance evaluation. The testing result demonstrates that the IMFOS is immune to the inherent DC and low-frequency saturation issues prevalent in conventional potential and current transformers. Finally, the IMFOS is implemented in a Universal Grid Analyzer to illustrate its applicability for phasor estimation in actual power grids.