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Heat Exchangers Circuitry Optimization using Low-GWP Refrigerants in Reversible Heat Pump Applications

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
Proceedings of the 26th International Congress of Refrigeration
Publication Date
Publisher Location
Paris, France
Conference Name
26th International Congress of Refrigeration
Conference Location
Paris, France
Conference Sponsor
International Institute of Refrigeration
Conference Date

Tube-fin heat exchangers (TFHX) are widely used in heat pump applications. Circuitry optimization can improve system performance. Previous optimizations focus on improving component-level performance under a specific operating condition, i.e., the TFHX either works as a condenser or an evaporator. The optimal circuitry obtained under air conditioning (AC) mode cannot guarantee optimal performance when used in heat pump (HP) mode. This study implements a bi-objective formulation to achieve optimal system performance in both AC and HP modes. An integer permutation-based Genetic Algorithm is integrated with Heat Pump Design Model (HPDM) to perform heat pump optimization. Six refrigerants, i.e., R410A, R452B, R454B, R32, D2Y60 and L41a are investigated. Case studies show that optimal heat exchangers yield 2.1%-6.1% EER improvement under AC mode and 1.9%-8.5% COP improvement under HP mode. Use of this design approach can help assure a preferable performance of reversible heat pumps during both cooling and heating mode usage.