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Energy-Efficient Cooperative Resource Allocation and Task Scheduling for Internet of Things Environments...

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Internet of Things; Engineering Cyber Physical Human Systems
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Offloading Internet of Things (IoT) tasks to the cloud for further processing might not always lead to an optimal execution time, particularly in situations such as resource contention, under-provisioning, over-provisioning, and fragmentation. In addition, dynamically optimizing the number of Virtual Machines (VMs) for resource scheduling in order to meet application requirements remains a major research challenge. Further, existing resource scheduling algorithms focus primarily on minimizing operational costs while maximizing resource sharing and utilization. Considering energy utilization as part of the resource allocation and scheduling process as an optimization objective for maintaining load balancing has often been neglected. To address these challenges and more, we propose a cooperative energy-aware resource allocation and scheduling strategy based on a Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) multi-criteria decision-making method. We used the Grid Workloads Archive dataset to evaluate our proposed approach named TOPREAL. Experimental results with respect to the allocation of VM resources when considering processing a large segment of tasks indicate that TOPREAL outperforms existing algorithms in terms of energy savings, with an average improvement of 40.25%, while maintaining an average improvement of 16.21% when it comes to execution time. Results also demonstrate that our method can save an average of 78.06 processing hours and 63,215kJ of energy when compared to existing scheduling algorithms. These results demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed model and the viability of using multi-criteria decision-making techniques such as TOPSIS to solve the resource allocation and scheduling problem in edge environments.