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Detailed modeling of hydrogen release and particle shrinkage during pyrolysis of inhomogeneous wood...

by Seyed Mousavi, Frederik Ossler, Charles E Finney, Xue-song Bai, Hesameddin Fatehi
Publication Type
Journal Name
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute
Publication Date
Page Numbers
3323 to 3332

Hydrogen release during pyrolysis of woody biomass is studied considering anisotropicity and inhomogeneity of wood structure. A new anisotropic shrinkage model is proposed based on the decomposition of main wood constituents, i.e., cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The new shrinkage model can predict the temporal evolution of the wood structure, and the differences between axial and radial shrinkage during pyrolysis. The model agrees very well with several experimental data from the literature. Based on particle temperature during conversion, the pyrolysis is partitioned into four stages, and the hydrogen release and H formation from each stage are investigated. Stage (IV) of pyrolysis, from 1000 to 1273 K, is found to be efficient for H production owing to the production of considerable mass of H with a minimal amount of tar species. Furthermore, the char quality is found to be different at the end of stages (II), (III), and (IV), where around 67.7, 80.5, and 93.4% wt. of solid residue is made of carbon, respectively. The model is also used to explain how the heating rate affects the temperature distribution inside the particle and how it shifts the peak of hydrogen release. Finally, the pyrolysis of two inhomogeneous wood samples — a beech twig with bark and a beech dowel with growth rings — are investigated. The bark can affect the pyrolysis rate, products, and flow pattern inside the particle. The growth rings do not have a considerable effect on the pyrolysis rate and products, but they have a significant impact on the flow pattern. This has an important implication for char conversion studies where the internal surface area and porosity field distribution have a significant effect on the gasification and oxidation rates.