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Construction of Fluorine- and Piperazine-Engineered Covalent Triazine Frameworks Towards Enhanced Dual-Ion Positive Electrode...

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Organic positive electrodes featuring lightweight, and tunable energy storage modes by molecular structure engineering have promising application prospects in dual-ion batteries. Herein, a series of highly porous covalent triazine frameworks (CTFs) were synthesized under ionothermal conditions using fluorinated aromatic nitrile monomers containing a piperazine ring. Fluorinated monomers can result in more defects in CTFs, leading to a higher surface area up to 2515 m 2 /g and a higher N content of 11.34 wt% compared to the products from the non-fluorinated monomer. The high surface area and abundant redox sites of these CTFs afforded high specific capacities (up to 279 mAh/g at 0.1 A/g), excellent rate performance (89 mAh/g at 5 A/g), and durable cycling performance (92.3% retention rate after 500 cycles at 2.0 A g -1 ) as dual-ion positive electrodes.