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Confined magnons...

by Seamus Beairsto, Maximilien Cazayous, Rog Erio De Sousa, Randy S Fishman
Publication Type
Journal Name
Physical Review B
Publication Date

Magnetic structures are known to possess magnon excitations confined to their surfaces and interfaces, but these spatially localized modes are often not resolved in spectroscopy experiments. We develop a theory to calculate the confined magnon spectra and its associated spin scattering function, which is the physical observable in neutron and electron scattering, and a proxy for photon spectroscopy based on x-ray, Raman, and terahertz (THz) sources. We show that extra anisotropy at the surface or interface plays a key role in magnon confinement. We obtain analytical expressions for the confinement length scale and show that it is qualitatively similar for ferromagnets and antiferromagnets in dimension d≥2. For d=1, we find remarkable differences between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic models. The theory indicates the presence of several confined magnon resonances in addition to the usual magnons thought to explain the excitations of magnetic nanostructures. Detecting these modes may elucidate the impact of the interface on spin anisotropy and magnetic order.