Polymer heat exchangers have been developed for the applications involving weight restrictions or chemical compatibility and fouling issues owing to the low density, anticorrosive properties, and low thermal expansion of polymers. Recently development of additive manufacturing also brings new opportunities to make polymer heat exchangers with desired design that was hard to realize before. However, due to the lower thermal conductivity polymer composite, the overall heat transfer performance is still a challenge in the polymer heat exchanger technology. In present work, a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model has been developed to study the overall heat transfer performance of additively manufactured polymer heat exchangers. The CFD results offer an insight of fluid flow and temperature distribution in the polymer heat exchangers. This study provides a guidance not only on the polymer material selection but also on the design of polymer heat exchangers. The conclusions will be helpful to design a polymer heat exchanger whose overall heat transfer performance is comparable to a metal heat exchanger.