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Computational Characterization and Boundary Condition Models of a Jet Interaction Fluidic Oscillator...

by Nicholson K Koukpaizan, Ari Glezer, Marilyn Smith
Publication Type
Journal Name
AIAA Journal
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 19

Fluidically oscillating jet actuators that generate sweeping jets when supplied with a pressurized fluid have been used to mitigate separation and reduce drag in a range of flow control applications. Their implementation in future flight vehicles would require fundamental understanding and accurate predictive techniques of the physics of their internal flow and jet formation. The present investigations focus on high-fidelity, time-accurate simulations to characterize the flow physics of the actuator in quiescent conditions. An important element of the present simulations is to demonstrate the ability of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver to predict the jet characteristics and provide a basis for the development of improved boundary conditions (BC) without entirely resolving the geometrical features of the fluidic device. The CFD-predicted oscillation frequencies of the engendered jets were found to be in excellent agreement with experiments, even on two-dimensional meshes. The study revealed that three-dimensional simulations are required to capture some of the flow features of the sweeping jet such as the double peak in time-averaged velocity distributions downstream of the actuator’s orifice that were measured in experiments. Several approaches for modeling the actuator were implemented and assessed in quiescent conditions. The evaluation of a boundary condition at the device throat, based on the phase-averaged flow variables, provides the basis for devising surface-based boundary conditions. The influence and necessity of including turbulent characteristics as part of the boundary conditions have also been identified.