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Compatibility Of Steels At 450°-650°C In Supercritical CO2 With O2 And H2O Additions...

by Bruce A Pint, Michael J Lance, Rishi R Pillai, James R Keiser
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
AMPP Annual Conference Proceedings
Publication Date
Page Number
Publisher Location
Houston, Texas, United States of America
Conference Name
AMPP Annual Conference + Expo 2022
Conference Location
San Antonio, Texas, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Direct-fired supercritical CO2 (sCO2) power cycles are being commercialized to revolutionize fossil energy as a low-emission power source. However, the cycle will increase O2 and H2O in the sCO2 and the implications of these additions have not been fully studied, particularly for lower cost steels that are needed in the lower temperature segments of the plant. Representative 9 and 12%Cr ferritic-martensitic (FM) steels and conventional and advanced austenitic steels were evaluated at 450-650°C to determine the maximum use temperatures in sCO2 with 1%O2 and 0.1%H2O at 300 bar. Compared to research grade (low impurity) sCO2 in indirect-fired cycles, the mass gains and scale thickness were not significantly changed for FM steels: both formed thick duplex Fe-rich scales. For stainless steels, higher mass gains were observed in all cases with increased Fe-rich oxide nodule formation. After 1000h at 650°C, the measured bulk C content was high for all of the steels with the addition of impurities suggesting a lower maximum operating temperature for steels. The post-exposure impact of the environment on room temperature tensile properties also will be discussed.