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Accelerated oxidation during 1350°C cycling of ytterbium silicate environmental barrier coatings...

Publication Type
Journal Name
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Publication Date
Page Numbers
2754 to 2763

Environmental barrier coatings (EBCs) will be needed to protect SiC-based ceramic matrix composite components for the next generation of high-efficiency industrial gas turbines (IGTs). The IGT application will require ≥25 kh lifetimes, and little data are available on EBC failure mechanisms, particularly at ≥1300°C. Initial 1-h furnace cycle testing at 1350°C in 90 vol% H2O/10 vol% air was conducted ≥1000 cycles on thermally sprayed ytterbium disilicate (YbDS) coatings with and without an Si bond coating. By ≥1000 h, both EBCs formed thick, highly cracked, and fully crystalline cristobalite scales. Comparison of thermally grown oxide (TGO) microstructure and kinetics to isothermal rates of Si and SiC steam oxidation indicated a departure from slow-growing parabolic growth to more rapid rates of silica formation. Possible mechanisms and implications for this acceleration are discussed.