Chemical Separations

Chemical Separations

Chemical Separations Group (CSG) consists of a multidisciplinary team of scientists focusing on a range of problems in chemical separations from fundamental questions to development and implementation of technologies for energy-related applications.  The team includes specialists in theory and computations, organic synthesis, separations, thermodynamics, spectroscopy, X-ray and neutron scattering, and materials characterization.

Chemical Separations Group

Publications

Analysis of gas membrane ultra-high purification of small quantities of mono-isotopic silane

A small quantity of high-value, crude, mono-isotopic silane is a prospective gas for a small-scale, high-recovery, ultra-high membrane purification process. This is an unusual application of gas...

CO2 Capture from Ambient Air by Crystallization with a Guanidine Sorbent

Carbon capture and storage is an important strategy for stabilizing the increasing concentration of atmospheric CO2 and the global temperature. A possible approach toward reversing this trend and...

CO2 Capture from Ambient Air by Crystallization with a Guanidine Sorbent

Carbon capture and storage is an important strategy for stabilizing the increasing concentration of atmospheric CO2 and the global temperature. A possible approach toward reversing this trend and...

Research

Fundamental research questions deal with the principles of design of highly selective receptors for the recognition of ions from aqueous solutions. Such receptors are tailored for efficient and selective crystallization, solvent extraction, ion exchange, and membrane transport. Applied efforts focus on optimizing promising receptors to perform practical separations for such applications as recovery and recycle of critical materials, recycle of used nuclear fuel, and clean-up of environmental contamination. Notable accomplishments recently include the design of self-assembling receptors for divalent metal salt binding, selective crystallization of sulfate salts by hydrogen-bonding capsules, guanidinium-based crystallization and solvent-extraction agents for tetraoxoanions, new mixed-donor chelating ligands for selective trivalent actinide extraction, and novel extractants for intra-lanthanide separation. Our signature success story is the development of the Caustic Side Solvent Extraction chemistry now implemented at the Savannah River site for removal of the radioactive fission-product contaminant Cs-137 from millions of gallons of legacy high-level tank waste left over from the Cold War. Our work is primarily funded by the Department of Energy, Offices of Basic Energy Sciences and Nuclear Energy and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s Critical Materials Institute.