Sergiy Kalnaus

Sergiy Kalnaus

R&D Staff


  • R&D 100 Award for development of Safe Impact Resistant Electrolyte (SAFIRE) for Li-ion batteries, 2017
  • SEA: Significant Event Award, for development of Safe Impact Resistant Electrolyte (SAFIRE) for Li-ion batteries. DOE UT-Battelle, 2017
  • Distinguished Award for Scientific/Technical Contribution, DOE UT-Battelle, 2015
  • SEA: Significant Event Award, for the release of Virtual Integrated Battery Environment (VIBE). DOE UT-Battelle, 2015


· Kalnaus, S., Wang, Y., Li, J., Kumar, A., Turner, J.A., "Temperature and strain rate dependent behavior of polymer separator for Li-ion batteries," Extreme Mechanics Letters, 20 (2018), 73-80.

· Kalnaus, S., Kumar, A., Wang, Y., Li, J., Simunovic, S., Turner, J.A., Gorney, P., "Strain distribution and failure mode of polymer separators for Li-ion batteries under biaxial loading," Journal of Power Sources, 378 (2018), 139-145.

· Veith, G.M., Armstrong, B., Wang, H., Kalnaus, S., Tenhaeff, W., Patterson, M., 2017, "Shear Thickening Electrolytes for High Impact Resistant Batteries", ACS Energy Letters, doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00511

·  Mei, J., Dong, P., Kalnaus, S., Jiang, Y., Wei, Z., 2017,"A path-dependent fatigue crack propagation model under non-proportional modes I and III loading conditions," Engineering Fracture Mechanics, doi:10.1016/j.engfracmech.2017.07.026

· An, S.J., Li, J., Daniel, C., Kalnaus, S., Wood, D.L. III, 2017, “Design and demonstration of three-electrode pouch cells for lithium-ion batteries,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 164(7), pp. A1755-A1764.

·  Li, J., Du, Z., Ruther, R.E., An, S.J., David, L.A., Hays, K., Wood, M., Phillip, N.D., Sheng, Y., Mao, C., Kalnaus, S., Daniel, C., Wood III, D.L., 2017, "Toward low-cost, high-energy density, and high-power density lithium-ion batteries," JOM,  doi:10.1007/s11837-017-2404-9.

·  Kalnaus, S., Wang, Y., Turner, J.A., 2017, “Mechanical behavior and failure mechanisms of Li-ion battery separators,” Journal of Power Sources, 348, pp. 255-263. 

·  Du, Z., Wood, D.L., Daniel, C., Kalnaus, S., Li, J., 2017, “Understanding limiting factors in thick electrode performance as applied to high energy density Li-ion batteries,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 47, pp. 405-415.

·  Wang, H., Kumar, A., Simunovic, S., Allu, S., Kalnaus, S., Turner, J.A., Helmers, J.C., Rules, E.T., Winchester, C.S., Gorney, P., 2017, “Progressive mechanical indentation of large-format Li-ion cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 341, pp. 156-164.

·  Kumar, A., Kalnaus, S., Simunovic, S., Gorti, S., Allu, S., Turner, J.A., 2016, “Communication—Indentation of Li-Ion Pouch Cell: Effect of Material Homogenization on Prediction of Internal Short Circuit,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 163(10), pp. A2494-96.

·  Allu, S., Kalnaus, S., Simunovic, S., Nanda, J., Turner, J.A., Pannala, S., 2016, A three-dimensional meso-macroscopic model for Li-ion intercalation batteries, Journal of Power Sources, 325, pp. 42-50.

·  Es-Said, O.S., Alcisto, J., Guerra, J., Jones, E., Dominguez, A., Hahn, M., Ula, N., Zeng, L., Ramsey, B., Mulazimoglu, H., Li, Y-J., Miller, M., Alrashid, J., Papakyriakou, M., Kalnaus, S., Lee, E.W., Frazier, W.E., 2016, Effect of Cadmium Plating Thickness on the Charpy Impact Energy of Hydrogen-Charged 4340 Steel, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 25(7), 25(9), 3606-3614.

·  Pannala, S., Turner, J.A., Allu, S., Elwasif, W.R., Kalnaus, S., Simunovic, S., Kumar, A., Billings, J.J., Wang, H., Nanda, J., 2015, “Multiscale Modeling and Characterization for Performance and Safety of Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Journal of Applied Physics, 118, 072017.

Tenhaeff, W., and Kalnaus, S., “Designing Solid Polymer Composite Electrolytes for Facile Lithium Transport and Mechanical Strength,” in Handbook of Solid State Batteries, 2nd Edition, Dudney, N.J., West, W.C., Nanda, J., Editors, World Scientific Publishing, ISBN: 978-981-4651-89-9, 2015, 1000 pp.

·  Turner, J.A., Allu, S., Berrill, M., Elwasif, W., Kalnaus, S., Kumar, A., Lebrun-Grandie, D., Pannala, S., Simunovic, S., 2015, “Safer Batteries through Coupled Multiscale Modeling,” Procedia Computer Science, 51, pp. 1168-1177. 

·  Allu, S., Kalnaus, S., Elwasif, W., Simunovic, S., Turner, J.A., Pannala, S., 2014, “A New Open Computational Framework for Highly-Resolved Coupled Three-Dimensional Multiphysics Simulations of Li-ion Cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 246, pp. 876-886.

·  Pannala, S., Turner, J.A., Allu, S., Elwasif, W.R., Kalnaus, S., Simunovic, S., Billings, J.J., Wang, H., Nanda, J., 2014, “Multiscale modeling approach for performance and safety of lithium-ion batteries,” ACS Papers Abstracts, Vol. 248, 341-ENFL 

·  Kalnaus, S., Tenhaeff, W.E., Sakamoto, J., Sabau, A.S., Daniel, C., Dudney, N.J., 2013, “Analysis of Composite Electrolytes with Sintered Reinforcement Structure for Energy Storage Applications,” Journal of Power Sources, 241, pp. 178-185. 

·  Mohanty, D., Sefat, A.S., Kalnaus, S., Li, J., Meisner, R.A., Payzant, E.A., Abraham, D.P., Wood, D.L., and Daniel, C., 2013, “Investigating Phase Transformation in Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 Lithium-ion Battery Cathode During High-Voltage Hold (4.5 V) via Magnetic, X-ray Diffraction and Electron Microscopy Studies,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1(20), pp. 6249-6261. 

·  Park, J., Kalnaus, S., Han, S., Lee, Y.K., Less, G.B., Dudney, N.J., Daniel, C., and Sastry, A.M., 2012 “In-situ Atomic Force Microscopy Studies on Lithium (de)Intercalation-Induced Morphology Changes in LixCoO2 Micro-Machined Thin Film Electrodes,” Journal of Power Sources, 222, pp. 417-425.

·  Mohanty, D., Kalnaus, S., Meisner, R., Li, J., Payzant, E.A., Rhodes, K., Wood, D., and Daniel, C., 2013, “Structural Transformations in a Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 Lithium-ion Battery Cathode During High-Voltage Hold,” RSC Advances, 3(20), pp. 7479-7485

·  Mohanty, D., Kalnaus, S., Meisner, R., Li, J., Rhodes, K., Abraham, D., Daniel, C., and Wood, D., 2013, “Structural Transformation of a Lithium-Rich Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 Cathode During High-Voltage Cycling Resolved by in-situ X-Ray Diffraction,” Journal of Power Sources, 229, pp. 239-248. 

·  Weng, L., Zhang, J., Kalnaus, S., Feng, M., and Jiang, Y., 2013, “Corrosion Fatigue Crack Growth of AISI 4340 Steel,” International Journal of Fatigue, 48, pp. 156-164.

·  Mohanty, D., Kalnaus, S., Meisner, R.A., Li, J.L., Payzant, E.A., Wood, D.L., Daniel, C., 2013, “Investigating the Voltage Fading Mechanism in Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode by In-Situ X-Ray Diffraction Studies,” ACS Papers Abstracts, Vol. 245, 341-ENFL.

·  Mohanty, D., Sefat, A.S., Li, J.L., Kalnaus, S., Meisner, R., Wood, D.L., Daniel, C., 2013, “Investigating the Cation-Ordering in 0.5Li(2)MnO(3.0):0.5 LiNi(0.375)Co(0.25)Mn(0.375)O(2) Cathode by Magnetic and Transmission Electron Microscopy Studies,” ACS Papers Abstracts, Vol. 245, 769-ENFL. 

·  Balke, N., Kalnaus, S., Daniel, C., Jesse, S., and Kalinin, S.V., 2012, “Local Detection of Activation Energy for Ionic Transport in Lithium Cobalt Oxide,” Nano Letters, 12(7) pp. 3399-3403. 

·  Balke, N., Eliseev, E.A., Jesse, S., Kalnaus, S., Daniel, C., Dudney, N.J., Morozovska, A.N., and Kalinin, S.V., 2012, “Three-Dimensional Vector Electrochemical Strain Microscopy,” Journal of Applied Physics, 112, 052020.

·  Kalnaus, S., Sabau, Tenhaeff, W.E., Dudney, N.J., and Daniel, C., 2012, “Design of Composite Polymer Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries Based on Mechanical Stability Criteria,” Journal of Power Sources, 201, pp. 280-287. 

·  Kalnaus, S., Sabau, A.S., Newman, S., Tenhaeff, W.E., Daniel, C., and Dudney, N.J., 2011, “Effective Conductivity of Particulate Polymer Composite Electrolytes Using Random Resistor Network Method,” Solid State Ionics, 199-200, pp. 44-53.

·  Guo, S., Jesse, S., Kalnaus, S., Balke, N., Daniel, C., and Kalinin, S.V., 2011, “Direct Mapping of ion Diffusion Times on LiCoO2 Surfaces with Nanometer Resolution,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158(8), pp. A982 – A990. 

·  Kalnaus, S., Rhodes, K., and Daniel, C., 2011, “A Study of Lithium ion Intercalation Induced Fracture of Silicon Particles Used as Anode Material in Li-ion Battery,” Journal of Power Sources, 196, pp. 8116-8124.

·  Zhang, J., Kalnaus, S., Behrooz, M., and Jiang, Y., 2010, “Effect of Loading History on Stress Corrosion Cracking of 7075-T651 Aluminum Alloy in Saline Aqueous Environment,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 42A(2), pp. 448-460.

·  Kalnaus, S., Zhang, J., and Jiang, Y., 2010, “Stress-Corrosion Cracking of AISI 4340 Steel in Aqueous Environments,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 42A(2), pp. 434-447.

·  Kalnaus, S., Fan, F. Jiang, Y., and Vasudevan, A.K., 2009, “An Experimental Investigation of Fatigue Crack Growth of Stainless Steel 304L,” International Journal of Fatigue, 31, pp. 840-849.

·  Fan, F., Kalnaus, S., and Jiang, Y., 2008, “Modeling of Fatigue Crack Growth of Stainless Steel 304L,” Mechanics of Materials, 40, pp.961-973

·  Kalnaus, S., and Jiang, Y., 2008, “Fatigue of AL6XN Stainless Steel,” ASME Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 130(3), 031013 (12 pp.)

·  Kalnaus, S., Fan, F., Vasudevan, A.K., and Jiang, Y., 2008, “An Experimental Investigation on Fatigue Crack Growth of AL6XN Stainless Steel,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 75(8) pp. 2002-2019.

·  Kalnaus, S., Fan, F., Jiang, Y., 2007, “Fatigue and Cyclic Plasticity Properties of a Super-Austenitic Stainless Steel,” Pressure Vessels and Piping Division of ASME, Lidbury D., Editor, Vol. 6: Materials and Fabrication. pp. 93-101.

· Kalnaus, S., Jiang, Y., 2006, “Fatigue Life Prediction of Copper Single Crystals Using a Critical Plane Approach,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 73(6), pp. 684-696.



"Stabilized Shear Thickening Electrolyte", G. Veith, B. Armstrong, K.L. Browning, H. Wang, S. Kalnaus, UTB ID 3814.0

“Shear Activated Impact-Resistant Electrolyte” B.L. Armstrong, S. Kalnaus, W.E. Tenhaeff, G.M. Veith, H. Wang, K.L. Browning, B.H. Shen. U.S. Patent Application, UTB ID 201603633.

“Method and Apparatus for In-Situ Drying Investigation and Optimization of Slurry Drying Methodology.”  B.L. Armstrong, C. Daniel, J.Y. Howe, J.O. Kiggans, A.S. Sabau, S. Kalnaus, D.L. Wood III. US Patent No. US 9,337,470 B2, (05/10/2016).