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Textile-Grade Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polycarbonate Composites: Effect of Epoxy Sizing...

Publication Type
Journal
Journal Name
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Publication Date
Page Numbers
3981 to 3991
Volume
60
Issue
10

Epoxy-sized textile-grade polyacrylonitrile (PAN) carbon fiber (TCF) with 450 K filaments (CFTF, ORNL) was reinforced in the polycarbonate (PC) matrix using a compression molding technique. The epoxy sizing effect on the surface, thermal, and mechanical properties of TCF–PC was investigated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy results of the TCF–PC composite show the absence of an oxirane group (epoxy-sized TCF), which suggests a covalent bond formation between the oxirane ring and carbonyl groups from TCF and PC. Dynamic mechanical analysis results confirm a strong immobilized interface (b > 1) present between TCF and PC. The tensile, flexure, compression, and interlaminar shear strength of TCF–PC composites were 323 ± 53, 371 ± 31, 397 ± 87, and 36 ± 3 MPa, correspondingly. The fracture analysis through scanning electron microscopy shows good wettability between TCF and the PC matrix which validates the results obtained from surface and thermal characterization.