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Residual stress and microstructure in IN718-René41 graded superalloy fabricated by laser blown directed energy deposition

Publication Type
Journal Name
Frontiers in Metals and Alloys
Publication Date
Page Numbers
1 to 16

Additively printed Ni-based superalloy with a compositionally graded transition from IN718 to René41 was fabricated by laser blown-powder directed energy deposition (DED/LB-M), with the goals of meeting location-specific temperature capability and reducing component cost for hot gas path turbine components. Residual stress distribution in thin wall specimens with three sets of DED build parameters in the as-built and stress-relieved states was measured by neutron diffraction. For calculating residual stress, the calculated d0 method was found to be more appropriate as stress-free reference than using the lattice spacing measured from the stress-relief heat treated specimens. Longer dwell time (lower interpass temperature), higher energy input, smaller layer thickness resulted in a higher magnitude of tensile residual stresses at edges and compressive residual stresses at center of the specimens. The residual stress results did not show a strong dependence on graded compositions, indicating that the residual stress build-up was more geometry and process dependent. Non-destructive neutron imaging based on the attenuation coefficient qualitatively visualized the compositional variation in the bulk and showed good agreement with quantitative Electron Probe Micro-Analysis (EPMA) measurement. Grain structure, texture, and residual plastic strain along the build direction were characterized by Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD). Long columnar grains with (001) preferred grain orientation were dominant along the build direction. Compositional change did not show an obvious effect on the epitaxial growth of dendrites and the continuation of the columnar grains. Residual plastic strain was relatively low in the as-built specimens.