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Quantum states of cylindrical surface charge density for modeling plasmonic circuit elements: Nanowires, nanorods, cavities, ...

by Maryam Bagherian, Ali Passian
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Physical Review A
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Nanostructures in the form of ellipsoids, prolate spheroids, rings, and cylinders are known to exhibit resonant surface and cavity modes with applications in nanophotonics and plasmonics and, more recently, in novel quantum experiments, in which control of plasmons and their interactions with plasmons, photons, phonons, excitons, and quantum emitters are desired. Nanorods and nanowires are examples of plasmonic structures with spectral properties of potential use as interconnects and circuit components. Estimates of the surface properties of these components are needed in circuit design and integrated systems. Here, we present a quantum Hamiltonian for the cylindrical surface charge density. We then study the photon excitation of plasmons on the cylindrical surface and calculate their scattering and radiative decay rate. Nonradiative decay of plasmons induces an efficient heating of the nanoparticle and can photoacoustically excite mechanical oscillations. Computational calculations are also presented for the plasmonic modes and the ensuing excitations of nanomechanical eigenmodes of nanoparticles with near-cylindrical symmetries.