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Performance Analysis of High-Temperature Heat Pumps with Two-Phase Ejectors...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
Proceedings of the 14th IEA Heat Pump Conference
Publication Date
Page Number
Publisher Location
Boras, Sweden
Conference Name
14th IEA Heat Pump Conference
Conference Location
Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

A two-phase ejector recovers the energy in the refrigerant cycles’ throttling process, improving the coefficient of performance (COP) of high-temperature heat pumps (HTHPs). This study investigated the effects of the mixing pressure on the performance of two-phase ejectors and ejector-assisted HTHPs. A 1D theoretical model of a two-phase ejector was built to predict the internal fluid dynamics and evaluate ejector performance. A thermodynamic model of an ejector-assisted HTHP was built to evaluate the COP of HTHPs and the volumetric heating capacity of low-global warming potential refrigerants. The results demonstrate that an optimum mixing pressure in a two-phase ejector provides the best performance of a two-phase ejector and ejector-assisted HTHP. The optimum mixing pressure was slightly lower than the evaporation pressure. At this pressure, the two-phase flow in the ejector was subsonic. For ejector-assisted HTHPs using low–global warming potential refrigerants at a sink temperature of 120°C, temperature lift of 40°C, and subcooling of 10°C, a two-phase ejector has an average ejector efficiency of 0.334, and the COP and volumetric heating capacity were improved by 7.2% and 7.3%, respectively.