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Next-generation diamond cell and applications to single-crystal neutron diffraction...

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Review of Scientific Instruments
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A diamond cell optimized for single-crystal neutron diffraction is described. It is adapted for work at several of the single-crystal diffractometers of the Spallation Neutron Source and the High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A simple spring design improves portability across the facilities and affords load maintenance from offline pressurization and during temperature cycling. Compared to earlier prototypes, pressure stability of polycrystalline diamond (Versimax®) has been increased through double-conical designs and ease of use has been improved through changes to seat and piston setups. These anvils allow ∼30%-40% taller samples than possible with comparable single-crystal anvils. Hydrostaticity and the important absence of shear pressure gradients have been established with the use of glycerin as a pressure medium. Large single-crystal synthetic diamonds have also been used for the first time with such a clamp-diamond anvil cell for pressures close to 20 GPa. The cell is made from a copper beryllium alloy and sized to fit into ORNL’s magnets for future ultra-low temperature and high-field studies. We show examples from the Spallation Neutron Source’s SNAP and CORELLI beamlines and the High Flux Isotope Reactor’s HB-3A and IMAGINE beamlines.