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Janus Monolayers for Ultrafast and Directional Charge Transfer in Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Heterostructures...

Publication Type
Journal Name
ACS Nano
Publication Date
Page Numbers
4197 to 4205

Charge transfer properties of van der Waals heterostructures formed by Janus and regular transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers are studied by time-resolved pump–probe measurements and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Measurements of electron and hole transfer in three heterostructures with atomic layer sequences of S–W–Se/S–W–S, Se–W–S/S–W–S, and S–W–Se/Se–W–Se reveal that charge transfer from regular to Janus monolayers is ultrafast regardless of the direction of the built-in electric field of the Janus monolayer (Janus field). However, the charge transfer from Janus to regular layers is directional and controlled by the Janus field. When the current direction is along the field, the charge transfer is ultrafast and efficient, while the field blocks the charge transfer with an opposite charge current direction. The transferred carriers form interlayer excitons with extended lifetimes compared to the intralayer excitons. The demonstrated ultrafast and directional charge transfer between Janus and regular TMD layers shows that the Janus structures can be used to make 2D heterostructures with efficient and directional charge transfer properties.