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Improving Progressive Retrieval for HPC Scientific Data using Deep Neural Network

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2023 IEEE 39th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE)
Publication Date
Page Numbers
2727 to 2739
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
2023 IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE)
Conference Location
Anaheim, California, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

As the disparity between compute and I/O on high-performance computing systems has continued to widen, it has become increasingly difficult to perform post-hoc data analytics on full-resolution scientific simulation data due to the high I/O cost. Error-bounded data decomposition and progressive data retrieval framework has recently been developed to address such a challenge by performing data decomposition before storage and reading only part of the decomposed data when necessary. However, the performance of the progressive retrieval framework has been suffering from the over-pessimistic error control theory, such that the achieved maximum error of recomposed data is significantly lower than the required error. Therefore, more data than required is fetched for recomposition, incurring additional I/O overhead. In order to tackle this issue, we propose a DNN-based progressive retrieval framework that can better identify the minimum amount of data to be retrieved. Our contributions are as follows: 1) We provide an in-depth investigation of the recently developed progressive retrieval framework; 2) We propose two designs of prediction models (named D-MGARD and E-MGARD) to estimate the amount of retrieved data size based on error bounds. 3) We evaluate our proposed solutions using scientific datasets generated by real-world simulations from two domains. Evaluation results demonstrate the effectiveness of our solution in accurately predicting the amount of retrieval data size, as well as the advantages of our solution over the traditional approach to reducing the I/O overhead. Based on our evaluation, our solution is shown to read significantly less data (5% - 40% with D-MGARD, 20% - 80% with E-MGARD).