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Hybrid Quantum-Classical Neural Networks

by Davis Arthur, Prasanna A Date
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
2022 IEEE International Conference on Quantum Computing and Engineering (QCE), 2022
Publication Date
Page Numbers
49 to 55
Publisher Location
New Jersey, United States of America
Conference Name
IEEE International Conference on Quantum Computing and Engineering (QCE) 2022
Conference Location
Denver, Colorado, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Deep learning is one of the most successful and far-reaching strategies used in machine learning today. However, the scale and utility of neural networks is still greatly limited by the current hardware used to train them. These concerns have become increasingly pressing as conventional computers are soon expected to approach the physical limitations that will slow their performance improvements in the near future. For these reasons, scientists have begun to explore alternative computing platforms, like quantum computers, for training neural networks. In recent years, variational quantum circuits have emerged as one of the most successful approaches to quantum deep learning on noisy intermediate scale quantum devices. We propose a hybrid quantum-classical neural network architecture where each neuron is a variational quantum circuit. We empirically analyze the performance of this hybrid neural network on a series of binary classification data sets using a simulated IBM universal quantum computer and a state-of-the-art IBM universal quantum computer. On the simulated hardware, we observe that the hybrid neural network achieves around 10% higher classification accuracy and 20% better minimization of the cost function than an individual variational quantum circuit. On the quantum hardware, we observe that each model only performs well when the qubit and gate count is sufficiently small.