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How to design a focusing guide: The large moderator case1...

by Matthew J Frost, Thomas Huegle, Alexandru D Stoica, Antonio F Moreira Dos Santos
Publication Type
Conference Paper
Journal Name
Journal of Neutron Research
Publication Date
Page Numbers
139 to 153
Conference Name
International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources (ICANS XXIII)
Conference Location
Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

As continuously shaped super-mirrors are becoming available, the conceptual design of focusing guides should explore a wider range of possibilities to accomplish an efficient neutron beam extraction. Starting from a desired phase-space volume at the sample position and using an upstream ray-tracing approach, the acceptance diagram of any focusing guide can be calculated at the moderator position. To ensure high brilliance transfer and homogeneous coverage, the acceptance diagram should be fully included in the neutron source emission phase-space volume. Following this idea, the guide system can be scaled into dimensionless geometric figures that convey performance limits for a desired cross-section reduction. Moreover, if we impose a monotonic increase of the reflection angle with divergence angle at the sample position, the shape of the mirror is analytically determined. This approach was applied in the design of a focusing guide for SNAP instrument at SNS, at ORNL, USA. The results of McStas simulations are presented with different options included. Our approach facilitates finding an optimal solution for connecting multiple guide pieces to avoid excessive losses and ensure a homogeneous phase space coverage.