Exploring the behavior of hydrocarbon under pressure is important for understanding its role in planetary sciences and also for exploring novel organic chemistry. In this study, we explored the high-pressure behavior of a linear-chain hydrocarbon, tricosane (C23H48), using Raman spectroscopy. We compressed tricosane up to 23 GPa and did not find any evidence for pressure-induced amorphization within the conditions explored in this study. Upon compression, we observe new modes in the low energy region 100–300 cm−1. In order to understand the appearance of these new modes at high pressures, we used complementary ab initio calculations and explored the effect of chain configurations (linear and bent) on the predicted Raman spectra. We find that these new modes observed at higher pressures are better explained by bent configuration of tricosane chains. Thus, based on high-pressure Raman spectra, it is very likely that a linear chain of tricosane is bent under pressure, i.e., it undergoes a pressure-induced trans-gauche transformation. It is also likely that such bent regions (i.e., kinks) will act as sites along which large chain hydrocarbons could dissociate into smaller chain lengths at extreme conditions relevant to the interiors of Jovian planets.