Skip to main content

A finite element formulation for deformation twinning induced strain localization in polycrystal magnesium alloys...

by Jiahao Cheng, Xiaohua Hu, Hyuk Jong Bong, Somnath Ghosh, Xin Sun
Publication Type
Journal Name
Computational Materials Science
Publication Date
Page Number

Deformation twinning induces shear strain localization in hexagonal close-packed crystals and is critical for the material’s ductility and failure. Cracks often occur at twin-twin or twin-grain boundary intersections and propagate along twin bands. However, most crystal plasticity models for deformation twinning are based on a “pseudo-slip” approach and do not capture the localized deformation associated with the formation of each discrete twin band. The few exceptions are discrete twin models that involve very complex numerical algorithms and are often compromised in accuracy due to the numerical convergence. These factors make the discrete twin models hard to adopt. This paper proposes a modification to the conventional finite element weak form, to fully incorporate a twin-induced heterogeneous deformation that does not depend on the “pseudo-slip” assumption. The model starts by splitting the deformation gradient into elastic-slip-twinning components. The twin-induced deformation gradient component is computed separately by solving a microstructural evolution problem and then implemented into finite element weak form by constructing a global “twin-force” vector. The constitutive update (e.g., in the user-defined material subroutine, or UMAT, for ABAQUS) therefore avoids dealing with the twinning and recovers to the form of a regular slip-based crystal plasticity model. The results indicate that the twin-induced strain localization and the associated stress-reversal phenomena near the twin band were naturally captured in the model, which was validated against an in-situ synchrotron X-ray micro-diffraction experiment.