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Exploration of Heat-Driven Ejector High-Temperature Heat Pumps...

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
Proceedings of the 14th IEA Heat Pump Conference
Publication Date
Page Number
Publisher Location
Boras, Sweden
Conference Name
14th IEA Heat Pump Conference
Conference Location
Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

Heat-driven ejector heat pumps use a supersonic ejector as a thermo-compressor to replace the mechanical compressor. Supersonic ejectors have many advantages in high-temperature heat pump (HTHP) applications, including high operating temperature tolerance, no need for lubrication, low maintenance, and low cost. The coefficient of performance of ejector HTHPs could be improved by selecting binary fluids with unique thermodynamic properties. Although supersonic ejectors have been widely used in refrigeration systems, their application in spaces and water heating is limited. This study explores the theoretical potential of ejector HTHPs with a sink temperature of 100°C–130°C and a lift temperature of 10°C–30°C. Ejector HTHPs were evaluated with single-fluid ejectors (SFEs) and binary-fluid ejectors (BFEs). A comprehensive, geometry-free theoretical model of BFEs was developed to predict the theoretical maximum entrainment ratios. HFE7500 and R718 (water) were selected as working fluids for SFEs and BFEs. SFEs operating with R718 provided a higher coefficient of performance of ejector HTHPs than SFEs operating with HFE7500 and BFEs. This study preliminarily demonstrates the technical potential of ejector HTHP applications in recovering moderate-temperature heat sources