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Electronic and magnetic properties of quasi-one-dimensional osmium halide OsCl4...

by Yang Zhang, Ling-fang Lin, Adriana Moreo, Elbio R Dagotto
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Applied Physics Letters
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Using ab initio density functional theory, we study the electronic and magnetic properties of the van der Waals chain material OsCl4. In the nonmagnetic state, a strongly anisotropic band structure was observed, in agreement with its anticipated one-dimensional crystal geometry. Based on Wannier functions, we found that the four electrons of the 5d Os atom form a low-spin S = 1 state, with a large crystal field between the 𝑑π‘₯𝑧/𝑦𝑧 and dxy orbitals, corresponding to a strong Jahn–Teller distortion (𝑄3< 0). As a consequence, the magnetic properties are mainly contributed by the 𝑑π‘₯𝑧/𝑦𝑧 states. Furthermore, when a Mott gap develops after the introduction of the Hubbard U and Hund coupling J, we found that the staggered spin order is the most likely magnetic state, namely, spins arranged as (↑-↓-↑-↓) with Ο€ wavevector along the chain. In addition, the energy differences between various spin states are small, suggesting a weak magnetic exchange coupling along the chain. Our results provide guidance to experimentalists and theorists working on quasi-one-dimensional osmium halides chain materials.