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DGFRS-2—A gas-filled recoil separator for the Dubna Super Heavy Element Factory...

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Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
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The main goal of development of the new Dubna Gas-Filled Recoil Separator (DGFRS-2) is to sufficiently improve the efficiency of studies on heavy and superheavy nuclei at the Super Heavy Element Factory of the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (FLNR) at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. The use of beams with the intensity up to 6×1013 s−1 (10 pμA) delivered by the DC280 cyclotron requires an effective setup providing high suppression of background reaction products. The described gas-filled separator is optimized for synthesis and study of heavy isotopes produced in complete fusion reactions of massive nuclei. Basic characteristics of DGFRS-2, as well as the results of the first test experiments, are presented. In comparison to the DGFRS-1, the transmission efficiency was doubled, and the background was reduced by a factor 200.