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Design and Characterization of Hierarchically-Strengthened, Cast Al-Ce-Ni-Mn-Sc-Zr Alloys for High-Temperature Applications

Publication Type
Conference Paper
Book Title
Light Metals 2024
Publication Date
Page Numbers
255 to 262
Publisher Location
Cham, Switzerland
Conference Name
TMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition 2024
Conference Location
Orlando, Florida, United States of America
Conference Sponsor
Conference Date

We characterize the microstructure and mechanical properties of cast Al-Ce-Ni-Mn-Sc-Zr alloys designed for structural use above 300 °C. We first report on the effect of Ni on the as-cast phase formation, where all alloys consist of fine Al11Ce3 and Ni-rich eutectic phases, but the identity of the Ni-rich phase varies with Ni content. Furthermore, these alloys contain four coarsening-resistant strengthening phases as determined from SEM and APT investigations: (i) Al11Ce3 and (ii) Ni-rich micron-scale platelets formed during eutectic solidification, (iii) L12-Al3(Sc,Zr) nanoprecipitates formed during secondary aging, and (iv) Mn solute in the α-Al matrix. The Al-Ce-Ni-Mn-Sc-Zr alloy possesses higher microhardness and creep resistance than compositionally simpler alloys containing fewer of the strengthening phases, indicating that these strengthening mechanisms synergize to provide increased ambient- and elevated-temperature strength.